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Quapaw - A group of Sioan Indians whose name meant "Downstream people," as they lived near the mouth of the Arkansas River.  They were called Arkansa or Arkansas by the Illinois and other Algonquian Indians of that section.  Early explorers found that they lived in walled villages and also erected large mounds, sometimes placing their chief buildings upon them.  White settlers found these Indians so "troublesome" and reluctant to give up their land that after a series of treaties , the Quapaw were allotted land in the Indian Territory.

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[ Arkansas ][ Mound Builders ]