Quanah - One of the most warlike chiefs of the Comanche.
He was born in 1845, son of the leader of the Kwahadi, the most
savage division of the tribe, and a white woman, Cynthia Ann Parker.
As a girl of twelve, Cynthia Ann had been
captured in 1835 in a raid on Parker's Fort, on the Navasota River in east
Texas. Many years later she was rescued and brought back to Texas,
but both she and an infant daughter she had with her died, the mother being
unable to adapt herself to the ways of her people, and mourning her husband
and other children.
Quanah Parker became chief of the Comanche
after the death of his father and in 1874, at the head of seven hundred
warriors of allied tribes, attacked Adobe Walls in the Texas Panhandle
in an attempt to drive out the white buffalo hunters. Although he
was defeated in this battle, the war continued along the whole of the south
border of Kansas.
When United States troops entered the conflict,
Quanah Parker kept his band out on the Staked Plain in Texas for two years,
but finally surrendered.
From that time on he became a powerful
influence in leading his people along the "white man's road." He
encouraged education, house building, and agriculture. He died at
his home near Fort Sill, Oklahoma, on February 12, 1911.
This last chief of the Comanche was buried
on the bank of Cache Creek at Lawton, Oklahoma, beside the grave of his
white mother. A monument, authorized under an act of Congress, was
erected over his grave in 1926. In 1956 the United States decided
to take over the land to extend the firing range at Fort Sill. A
year later the bodies of both Quanah Parker and his mother were removed
to the historic military cemetery at Fort Sill.
within this Site
Walls ][ Burial ][ Comanche
][ Half-Breed ]