- One of the great chiefs of the Seminole Indians. He was described
as having been tall, slender, and straight, with a pleasing countenance,
though of melancholy cast.
Osceola was born about 1803 on the Tallapoosa
River in the Creek country. he was part white, as his grandfather
on his father's side was a Scotchman. After his father's death his
mother married a white man named Powell, and Osceola was sometimes called
He was not a chief by descent, but at the
age of thirty two he took his place as the leader of his people and commander
of the warriors when the United States tried to round up the Seminole and
place them on a reservation in Oklahoma.
Osceola, fighting in the Florida Everglades,
outwitted the Government troops. Finally peace negotiations were
started, and when Osceola appeared under a flag of truce he was knocked
over the head, bound, and thrown into a dungeon. This treachery was
condemned throughout the country, but the young chief died, brokenhearted,
a prisoner at Fort Moultrie. In January, 1838.
His name has been preserved by towns in
Arkansas, ndiana, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Texas
and Wisconsin, by counties in Florida, Michigan, and Iowa; and by Osceola
within this Site
Half Breed ][ Seminole ]