- A confederacy of several Algonquian tribes, formerly living in Illinois,
southern Wisconsin, and parts of Iowa and Missouri. They were first
visited by Père Marquette when he journeyed down the Mississippi
River in 1673.
Their name was a combination of Indian
and French - the Algonquian illini meaning "man," with the French
It was one of their number, a Kaskaskia
Indians, who murdered the great chief, Pontiac, in 1769, which caused the
Great lake tribes to make war on them. The Illinois were almost wiped
The Illinois gave their name to a state,
and river in that state. There are also rivers named Illinois in
Arkansas, Oklahoma, and Oregon; an Illinois Bayou in Arkansas; Illinois
Peak in Idaho and Montana; Illinois City and Illiopolis, Illinois.
There is a Kaskaskia River in Illinois and there are towns in Illinois,
Arizona, and Mississippi named for the Peoria tribe of the Illinois.
within this Site
][ Pontiac ]