- The deer was one of the most important animals to the Indian.
It provided food and clothing and its antlers and various other parts made
many useful articles. Deerskin made the finest buckskin.
The American deer was found in abundance
throughout the United States. The red deer was also known as the
Virginia white tailed deer. it was to be found from Maine to the
pacific Coast islands and from Canada to Florida. A full grown buck
might weigh as much as two hundred pounds. In the summer the upper
parts of its body were of a reddish brown and in winter a grayish color.
The black tailed deer, sometimes called
the "mule deer" because of its long and heavy ears, was the largest of
the species in this country. A full grown buck might weigh two hundred
and fifty pounds. Roaming the Plains area westward, moving north
in summer and south in winter, the black tailed deer was dark gray or mouse
colored, its tail tipped with a tuft of black hair.
The Indian made deerskin into clothing
of all types. The hair from the tail was used fro ornaments and embroidery.
The antlers were fashioned into tool handles and arrowheads. The
hoofs provided glue and rattles. The dewclaws, or extra toes, were
used for jingles on belts and for anklets. The sinew provided thread,
bowstrings, and cord for snares. Needles, awls, skin dressing tools,
handles, and ornaments were made from the bone. The deer's paunch
and bladder were made into bags and pouches. The brains and liver
were used for dressing rawhide to make it into buckskin.
within this Site
][ Costume ][ Dishes
][ Food ]
and Bone Craft ][ Rawhide ][ Stone