Make your own free website on

Cayuse - A western tribe associated with the Nez Percé and Wallawalla Indians, formerly ranging the territory at the heads of the Wallawalla, Umatilla, and Grande Ronde Rivers from the Blue Mountains to the Deschutes River in Washington and Oregon.  The Cayuse were brave and warlike and considered great horsemen.  Cayuse ponies were highly prized by cowboys, and in Texas a pony was called a "cayuse."

The Cayuse became notorious during the early days of the settlers in Washington.  They were unfriendly to the white man, and when smallpox struck their tribe in 1847, they blamed the white man and murdered Marcus Whitman, a missionary, and several other settlers at what is now Whitman, Washington.

A town in Oregon is named Cayuse.

Related Information within this Site
[ Joseph ][ Nez Percé ]