- An Indian tribe whose members were of dark complexion and medium height.
They pierced their noses, wore rings in them, and practiced tattooing.
Their grass lodges were conical shaped.
Originally of the Red River section of
Louisiana, the Caddo moved to the extreme Southern Plains area, where they
became buffalo hunters. They were the leading tribe of what the white
man termed the Caddo Confederacy, which included the Wichita, Kichai, Tawakoni,
and Waco. They obtained horses early from the Spaniards and traded
these animals as far north as Illinois.
At one time the Caddo were known to the
Spaniards as the Tejas or Texas Indians, but this term was applied
to many tribes in the Southwest as it meant simply "friends." The
Caddo remained loyal to the Federal Government during the Civil War and
sought refuge in Kansas. In 1902 each man, woman, and child was given
an allotment of land and was also made a citizen of the United States,.
The name has been given to a parish in
Louisiana, a county in Oklahoma; to Caddo Gap in Arkansas; villages in
Oklahoma and Texas; and to Caddo Mills, in Texas.
within this Site
][ Texas ][ Wichita