- These Indians, related to the Pawnee, were known to the white man also
as the Arickaree and Ree. the name Arikara means "Horns" or
"Elk", and refers to the ancient manner in which these Indians wore their
hair with two pieces of bone standing up, one on each side of the crest.
The Arikara orginally came from the Platte
Valley in Nebraska. In early days they were considered hostile to
teh white man. For a long time they were allied with the Mandan and
Hidatsa, after smallpox and wars with the Dakota had reduced their number.
Later they were grouped with these tribes under the general name of "Fort
They were accomplished farmers, and long
preserved the seed of a peculiar type of small eared corn. They respected
corn and called it "Mother," as the giver of life. They were expert
swimmers and sometimes captured buffalo disabled in a river while a herd
was crossing. They lived in earth lodges. In 1900 the Arikara
became citizens of the United States. Arickaree in Washington County,
Colorado, carries on the name.
within this Site
][ Pawnee ][ Ree